Everything You Need to Know about Wig
- Nov 07, 2018-
Production: Hand-Tied or Machine-Made?
There are two main methods of production of a wig: hand-tied or machine-made (machine-wefted). A hand-tied wig is one in which individual hairs are attached to the wig cap by hand. This process is very labor-intensive but yields more natural results, since hairs will all flow in the same direction and will be less liable to tangling. Hand-tied wigs allow the hair to be styled more effortlessly and parted in different ways. Cheaper wigs are made by a machine that sews the hair into a cap or nylon strips. Synthetic wigs are usually machine-made. Natural hair wigs can either be hand-tied or machine-made. When made by machine, natural hair wigs must be processed with chemicals to dissolve the outer cortex and this may lead to a less-than-ideal texture. Most wigs should say somewhere on the packaging, whether it’s hand-tied or machine-wefted. Hand tied is higher quality so the package will definitely highlight that distinction. Physically, hand-tied wigs should move more naturally. If you part the hair and look closely, you should be able to see the long tracks of the machine-wefted wig.
Construction: Full-Cap, Open-Cap, or Partial Coverage?
A wig can either be full-cap, open-cap, or partial coverage. A full-cap wig features hair that is sewn into a mesh cap, leaving no gaps and providing full coverage of the hair/head underneath. Since this wig has the most hair and is usually hand-tied, its usually a more expensive type of wig. One downside of the full-cap wig is that it can make the head feel too hot and doesn’t allow the hair underneath to breathe. Women who are concerned about air circulation, or who plan to wear a wig in the summer, may opt for an open-cap wig instead.
An open-cap wig is made of nylon strips onto which hair is machine-sewn. There are gaps between each strip for flexibility and ventilation. This wig is not recommended for those with thinning hair, as the scalp may show through.
A partial coverage wig (or wiglet) can come in the form of a clip-on or elastic structure and is made to enhance one’s natural tresses. Clipping in “falls” of hair can make your hair appear longer or thicker and ponytail or bun accessories can be used to create a perfect updo without the hassle of wearing a full wig. A “topper” cap is another type of partial wig that is clipped onto the head and covers only the crown. This is great for those who have hair loss in those areas and want to look good while maintaining a somewhat natural look. There are also partial wigs on the market that are full in the back but stop short of the forehead, allowing one to blend one’s natural hair or bangs with the wig.