Prepping Your Hair and Head
1. Pick a wig type. There are three major kinds of wigs: the full lace, the partial or front lace, and the non-lace. There are also three main materials they can be made out of, which are human hair, animal hair, and synthetic hair. Each wig type has its pros and cons, so make sure you buy the wig that is best for you.
The full lace wig is made with a lace mesh cap and the hair sewn into it throughout. It gives you a natural looking hairline, is more frequently made with human or animal hair, and is easier to style because they can be parted anywhere. It also allows more comfort when you are wearing it because it breathes more. The downside is that these wigs can often much more expensive than other types of wigs. These can also get damaged easier because they are not made of more durable fabric.
The front or partial lace wig is made with lace mesh at the front instead of all the way around. It gives you a natural looking hairline on your forehead, but it is made of more durable materials around the main part of your head. These wigs can be made of any of the materials and are cheaper than full lace wigs. The downside is that these wigs are not as natural looking as full lace and can be harder to style because of the way the wig is made.
Non-lace wigs are made on materials such as nylon mesh. These wigs can be made with any type of hair material, are more durable, and are much less expensive than other wigs. The downside is that these wigs don't look as realistic as other wigs and don't blend into the hairline as easily as lace wigs.
2 Prepare your hair. You need to fix your hair so it will not make bumps or uneven places once you have your wig on. Whether you have long or short hair, you need to ensure that all of your natural hair is pulled back from your hairline so it won't be visible under the wig.
If your hair is long, you can separate the hair into two pieces and twist them, crossing the two pieces behind your head. Attach them across the top and bottom with bobby pins.
If you have long and thick hair, you can do small 1 inch twists curls and pin them all around your hair. Grab a 1 inch wide portion of your hair and twist it, wrapping the end around your forefinger. Curl the strand down toward your head, making a 1 inch wide circle with your hair. Once all the hair is in the curl, pin it with two bobby pins, making an X over the curl. Do this for the entirety of your hair. This will give you a smooth surface on which to apply your wig.
Shorter hair can simply be combed and pinned away from the hairline. You can also use a stretchy cloth headband or similar item to push your hair away from your hairline.
3 Prepare your skin. Wipe the skin around your hairline with a cotton pad dipped in alcohol solution. This removes any access oils and impurities from your skin, which will help the glue or adhesive tape stick better to your skin. Next, apply a scalp protector, which can be a spray, gel, and cream, to the areas around your scalp. This will protect this sensitive skin from irritation and damage from the glue or adhesive tape.
Even if you don't have hair and have skipped the previous step, make sure you prepare your skin.
4 Put on a wig cap. You can use either a net wig cap or skin toned nylon wig cap. The net cap breathes a little more while the skin toned cap mimics the color of your scalp under your wig. To apply, gently stretch the cap over your head and line it up perfectly with your hairline, making sure all of your hair is underneath it. Secure it in place with a few bobby pins around the outer edges.
Whether you have long or short hair, you need to use a wig cap under your wig. If you don't have any hair, this step is optional. It may prevent some wig slippage but isn't necessary to help smooth out the hair area.